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Legal Terms Beginning with T

Taft-Hartley

The name of an American federal labor law which was passed in 1947, and which sought to equalize legal responsibilities of labor organizations and employers; ie. balance the Wagner Act, which, it was felt, may have gone to far in protecting union rights. Read the full definition of Taft-Hartley on Duhaime.org

Take From The Table

A term of parliamentary law and procedure that revives a motion that had been, previously tabled. Read the full definition of Take From The Table on Duhaime.org

Tamper

To interfere improperly or in violation of the law such as to tamper with a document. Read the full definition of Tamper on Duhaime.org

Tax

A payment to a public authority, required by statute, for a public purpose. Read the full definition of Tax on Duhaime.org

Tax Amnesty

An opportunity afforded to a tax payer to rectify errors or omissions in past tax years or returns. Read the full definition of Tax Amnesty on Duhaime.org

Tax Avoidance

To avoid taxes by arranging one's affairs so as not to incur tax. Read the full definition of Tax Avoidance on Duhaime.org

Tax Evasion

A prohibited or illegal act or omission which is designed to reduce a person's tax liability. Read the full definition of Tax Evasion on Duhaime.org

Tenancy

A contract by which the owner of real property (the landivord), grants exclusive possession of that real property to another person (tenant), in exchange for the tenat's periodic payment of some sum of money (rent). Read the full definition of Tenancy on Duhaime.org

Tenancy By The Entireties

A form of co-ownership in English law where, when a husband transferred land to his wife, the property could not be sold unless both spouses agreed nor could it be severed except by ending the marriage. Read the full definition of Tenancy By The Entireties on Duhaime.org

Tenant

A person to whom a landivord grants temporary and exclusive use of land or a part of a building, usually in exchange for rent. Read the full definition of Tenant on Duhaime.org

Tenants In Common

Tenants in common share equal property rights except that, upon the death of a tenant in common, that share does not go to the surviving tenants but is transferred to the estate of the deceased tenant. Read the full definition of Tenants In Common on Duhaime.org

Tender

An unconditional offer of a party to a contract to perform their part of the bargain. Read the full definition of Tender on Duhaime.org

Tenement

Property that could be subject to easements. Read the full definition of Tenement on Duhaime.org

Tenendum

That part of a contract in which an interest in real property is created that sets out the extent or limitations of that interest. Read the full definition of Tenendum on Duhaime.org

Tenure

A right of holding or occupying land or a position for a certain amount of time. Read the full definition of Tenure on Duhaime.org

Terminal Year

A portion of a calendar year from and including January 1 to a person's date of death. Read the full definition of Terminal Year on Duhaime.org

Terrorism

Violence against a civilian intended to intimidate a population or a government from taking or abstaining from an act. Read the full definition of Terrorism on Duhaime.org

Testamentary Capacity

The legal ability to sign a will. Read the full definition of Testamentary Capacity on Duhaime.org

Testamentary Trust

A trust created by a will and which takes effect upon the death of the testator. Read the full definition of Testamentary Trust on Duhaime.org

Testator

The signatory of a valid will. Read the full definition of Testator on Duhaime.org

Testimony

The oral evidence of a witness in a judicial proceeding, such as a trial. Read the full definition of Testimony on Duhaime.org

Theft

To steal an item of property. Read the full definition of Theft on Duhaime.org

Theocracy

A form of government which defers not to civil development of law, but to an interpretation of the will of a God as set out in religious scripture and authorities. Read the full definition of Theocracy on Duhaime.org

Thin Skull Rule

An apitional exposure in tort liability towards persons who are particularly vulnerable or more fragile than the norm, who may have inherent weaknesses or a pre-existing vulnerability or condition; the tort-feasor takes his victim as he finds them; he compensates for all damages he caused, even if damages are elevated compared to a norm because the plaintiff was thin skulled. Read the full definition of Thin Skull Rule on Duhaime.org

Tidal Waters

Bodies of water within a state's territorial waters and that are subject to the ebb and flow of ordinary tides, whether navigable or not, and usually excluding harbors or lakes. Read the full definition of Tidal Waters on Duhaime.org

Time-Bar Clause

A clause in a contract which sets a strict deadivine within which either party may bring a dispute to either a court or to arbitration. Read the full definition of Time-Bar Clause on Duhaime.org

Tonnage

The carrying capacity of a ship measured in tons. Read the full definition of Tonnage on Duhaime.org

Tontine

An arrangement very similar to joint tenancy, between several people whereby they all, initially, share the profits from some investment but once only one of the initial investors survives, said investment accruing fully to the last survivor. Read the full definition of Tontine on Duhaime.org

Torah

A primary source of Jewish law including the Old Testament of the Bible and subsequent interpretations thereof. Read the full definition of Torah on Duhaime.org

Torrens Land Registration System

A land registration system invented by Robert Torrens and in which the government is the keeper of the master record of all land and their owners. Read the full definition of Torrens Land Registration System on Duhaime.org

Tort

The body of the law which allows an injured person to obtain compensation from the person who caused the injury. Read the full definition of Tort on Duhaime.org

Tort-feasor

Name given to a person or persons who have committed a tort. Read the full definition of Tort-feasor on Duhaime.org

Torture

The intentional infliction of pain or suffering on an animal or a person and as for the latter, even if for the purpose of obtaining information such as a confession or the names of accomplices, or as a punishment for crime. Read the full definition of Torture on Duhaime.org

Towage

The assistance given by one vessel to accelerate the progress of another. Read the full definition of Towage on Duhaime.org

Tracing

A process of identifying the substitute of an original asset claimed by the plaintiff. Read the full definition of Tracing on Duhaime.org

Trade Fixtures

Fixtures created during the course of a commercial lease and which revert to the tenant at the end of the lease if removable without damage. Read the full definition of Trade Fixtures on Duhaime.org

Trademark

A word, name, logo or slogan used by a person selling goods or services to distinguish and identify their goods or services from those of another. Read the full definition of Trademark on Duhaime.org

Transcript

An official direct and verbatim written record of what was said, as in a court of law or other judicial proceedings, or even private conversations. Read the full definition of Transcript on Duhaime.org

Transferee

A person who receives property being transferred (the person from whom the property is moving is the transferor). Read the full definition of Transferee on Duhaime.org

Transferor

The person from whom title or ownership to property moves; who effects the transfer; he/she who transfers title (eg. sells their home or other property); usually synonymous with vendor or seller. Read the full definition of Transferor on Duhaime.org

Treason

To aid or enlist with a state enemy or to attempt or conspire to harm the head of state, such as a king, queen or president. Read the full definition of Treason on Duhaime.org

Treaty

A formal agreement between two states signed by official representatives of each state. Read the full definition of Treaty on Duhaime.org

Trespass

Unlawful interference with another's person, property or rights. Read the full definition of Trespass on Duhaime.org

Trial

The resolution of a dispute by examination of evidence submitted by opposing litigants by a tribunal or Court of law, and determination of (1) guilt (in a criminal trial) or (2) of a civil dispute of fact or law. Read the full definition of Trial on Duhaime.org

Trial by Battle

An ancient dispute resolution method: fighting it out. Read the full definition of Trial by Battle on Duhaime.org

Trial by Ordeal

The trial of a criminal or civil action, in medieval England, by torture or drowning. Read the full definition of Trial by Ordeal on Duhaime.org

Trite Law

A principle of law so notorious and entrenched that it is commonly known and rarely disputed. Read the full definition of Trite Law on Duhaime.org

Trover

An old English and common law legal proceeding against a person who had found someone else's property and has converted that property to their own purposes. Read the full definition of Trover on Duhaime.org

Trust

A legal obligation with respect to property given by a person (donor) to another (trustee) to the advantage of a beneficiary Read the full definition of Trust on Duhaime.org

Trustee

The person who holds property rights for the benefit of another through the legal mechanism of the beneficiary of the same property. Read the full definition of Trustee on Duhaime.org

Trustee De Son Tort

A person who is not a regularly appointed trustee but because of interference with the trust can be held by a court as constructive trustee which entails liability for losses to the trust. Read the full definition of Trustee De Son Tort on Duhaime.org

Tyranny

A form of government other than a monarchy in which the formal written constitution is not adhered to and is broken by force of arms by a single person who then undertakes to rule as a monarch and primarily in his personal interests. Read the full definition of Tyranny on Duhaime.org