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Legal Terms Beginning with R

Ransom

Money paid to have a kidnapped person released. Read the full definition of Ransom on Duhaime.org

Rape

Sex with a woman, other than the perpetrator's wife, without her consent. Read the full definition of Rape on Duhaime.org

Real Estate

Same as real property; land and rights attached to land. Read the full definition of Real Estate on Duhaime.org

Real Property

A property interest in land. Read the full definition of Real Property on Duhaime.org

Reasonable Doubt

A threshold of proof in criminal cases in most modern criminal law systems which requires the trier of fact to be sure, not certain, of the accused's guilt, before convicting. Read the full definition of Reasonable Doubt on Duhaime.org

Rebuttable Presumption

A presumption of fact which can be defeated by persuasive evidence to the contrary. Read the full definition of Rebuttable Presumption on Duhaime.org

Receipt

A document which acknowledges the delivery of a thing or the payment of money. Read the full definition of Receipt on Duhaime.org

Reconciliation

The act of separated spouses returning to family cohabitation. Read the full definition of Reconciliation on Duhaime.org

Recusation

An application made to a judge that he/she not hear a particular case because of a real or perceived conflict of interest; that the judge recuse himself (abstain) from the case. Read the full definition of Recusation on Duhaime.org

Redact

Removing text or images from an original document. Read the full definition of Redact on Duhaime.org

Rependum

The formal name of that part of a lease which sets out the amount of rent and when it is payable. Read the full definition of Rependum on Duhaime.org

Redemption

Buying back. When a vendor later buys the property back. Read the full definition of Redemption on Duhaime.org

Refugee

A person who is outside his state of origin or of residence, cannot return without exposure to human-rights related persecution. Read the full definition of Refugee on Duhaime.org

Relator

An informer; a person who has supplied the facts required for a criminal prosecution or a civil suit. Read the full definition of Relator on Duhaime.org

Release

A with prejudice concession made by a party to give up all claims in regards to an alleged tort or contract. Read the full definition of Release on Duhaime.org

Remainder

A right to future enjoyment or ownership of real property. Read the full definition of Remainder on Duhaime.org

Remanet

An action that has been put over, deferred to a later time. Read the full definition of Remanet on Duhaime.org

REMO

Abbreviation for reciprocal enforcement of maintenance orders and the name of the international system of recognition, registration and enforcement of child and spousal support orders between countries which have agreed, between themselves, to enforce each other's maintenance orders. Read the full definition of REMO on Duhaime.org

Rent

This is the consideration paid by a tenant to a landivord in exchange for the exclusive use and enjoyment of land, a building or a part of a building. Read the full definition of Rent on Duhaime.org

Replevin

A legal action taken to reclaim goods which have been distrained. Read the full definition of Replevin on Duhaime.org

Republic

A form of government where the law-makers and administrators are chosen by the people and not king or queen, or chosen thereby. Read the full definition of Republic on Duhaime.org

Republication

The validation of a previously invalid will by express reference to it in a subsequent will or codicil. Read the full definition of Republication on Duhaime.org

Rescind

To abrogate or cancel a contract putting the parties in the same position they would have been in had there been no contract. Read the full definition of Rescind on Duhaime.org

Rescue

Taking and setting at liberty, against the law, either goods or imprisoned persons. Read the full definition of Rescue on Duhaime.org

Res Gestae

Latin for things done. Used mostly in criminal cases to allow hearsay if the alledged statement is overheard during the excitement of the litigated event. Read the full definition of Res Gestae on Duhaime.org

Residential Tenancy

The lease of residential premises for residential purposes. Read the full definition of Residential Tenancy on Duhaime.org

Res Ipsa Loquitur

Latin for the thing speaks for itself. Read the full definition of Res Ipsa Loquitur on Duhaime.org

Res Judicata

Latin: A matter which has already been conclusively decided by a court and is conclusive as between the parties. Read the full definition of Res Judicata on Duhaime.org

Resolution

The formal decision of an organization. A motion which has obtained the necessary majority vote in favor. Read the full definition of Resolution on Duhaime.org

Respondeat superior

Let the principal answer. Read the full definition of Respondeat superior on Duhaime.org

Respondent

The party that responds to a claim filed in court against them by a plaintiff. Read the full definition of Respondent on Duhaime.org

Restitutio In Integrum

Latin for restitution to the original position. Read the full definition of Restitutio In Integrum on Duhaime.org

Restitution

Under ancient English common law, when a party enforced a court judgement and then that judgement was overturned on appeal, the appellant could ask the appeal court for restitution, or financial compensation placing that appellant in the same position as if the original legal decision had not been enforced. Read the full definition of Restitution on Duhaime.org

Restrictive Covenant

A contract in which a party agrees to be limited in some regards as to future conduct. Read the full definition of Restrictive Covenant on Duhaime.org

Resulting Trust

A trust that is presumed by the court from certain situations. Read the full definition of Resulting Trust on Duhaime.org

Retainer

A contract between a lawyer and his (or her) client, wherein the lawyer agrees to represent and provide legal advice to the client, in exchange for money. Read the full definition of Retainer on Duhaime.org

Reversion

A future interest left in a transferror or his (or her) heirs. A reservation in a real property conveyance that the property reverts back to the original owner upon the occurence of a certain event. Read the full definition of Reversion on Duhaime.org

Rider

A written amendment as to the coverage of an existing life or health insurance policy. Read the full definition of Rider on Duhaime.org

Right of first refusal

A right given to a person to be the first person allowed to purchase a certain object if it is ever offered for sale. Read the full definition of Right of first refusal on Duhaime.org

Riot

Three or more persons who assemble and advance a purpose together, with the intent to use force if necessary, and raising alarm of a reasonable person(s). Read the full definition of Riot on Duhaime.org

Riparian rights

Special rights of people who own land that runs into a river bank (a riparian owner is a person who owns land that runs into a river). Read the full definition of Riparian rights on Duhaime.org

Robbery

Theft under threat or use of force. Read the full definition of Robbery on Duhaime.org

Roman Law

Form and content of law that was developed by the Romans during their 1,000 year empire starting in 500 BC; form in that it was written, and with content that sought to publish a comprehensive code of private law thus apressed a predictable structure for its people and the economy. Read the full definition of Roman Law on Duhaime.org

Rooming House

Rented residential premises where an individual shares a kitchen and bathroom with others. Read the full definition of Rooming House on Duhaime.org

Rota Court

Medieval Papal and Roman Catholic court. Read the full definition of Rota Court on Duhaime.org

Rout

A common law and public order criminal offence which has gone beyond an unlawful assembly in that some action has been taken towards either the crime intended or the disturbance of the peace. Read the full definition of Rout on Duhaime.org

Rule Against Perpetuities

A common law rule that prevents suspending the transfer of property for more than 21 years or a lifetime plus 21 years. Read the full definition of Rule Against Perpetuities on Duhaime.org

Rule of Law

That individuals, persons and government shall submit to, obey and be regulated by law, and not arbitrary action by an individual or a group of individuals. Read the full definition of Rule of Law on Duhaime.org