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Legal Terms Beginning with N

Name

A unique combination of a given and a surname, assigned to an individual, generally at birth, and used to identify distinguish that indivodual both socially and in regards to the assertion or defence of legal rights. Read the full definition of Name on Duhaime.org

Nation

A distinct group or race of people that share history, traditions and culture. Read the full definition of Nation on Duhaime.org

National Treatment

A tenet of international trade agreements whereby nations must afford imported goods the same treatment that they afford domestic or national products (no discrimination). Read the full definition of National Treatment on Duhaime.org

Natural Justice

Basic or fundamental judicial rights extended to a person with rights at issue. Read the full definition of Natural Justice on Duhaime.org

NCND Agreement

An international trade instrument; non circumvention/non disclosure agreement used in the preliminary stages of a business transaction where the Seller and Buyer do not know each other, but are brought into contact with each other by one or more intermediaries (also known as brokers or mipivemen), to fulfill the transaction. Read the full definition of NCND Agreement on Duhaime.org

Negligence

A failure to act as a reasonable person would be expected to act in similar circumstances. Read the full definition of Negligence on Duhaime.org

Negotiate

To communicate on a matter of disagreement between two parties, with a view to first listen to the other party's perspective and to then attempt to arrive at a resolution by consensus. Read the full definition of Negotiate on Duhaime.org

Nemo Debet Locupletari Ex Aliena Jactura

Latin: no one should be enriched by another's loss. Read the full definition of Nemo Debet Locupletari Ex Aliena Jactura on Duhaime.org

Nemo Judex In Parte Sua

Latin: no person can judge a case in which he or she is party or in which he/she has an interest. Read the full definition of Nemo Judex In Parte Sua on Duhaime.org

Next of Kin

The nearest blood relative of a deceased. Read the full definition of Next of Kin on Duhaime.org

Nolo Contendere

Latin: I will not defend. Used primarily in criminal proceedings whereby the defendant declines to refute the evidence of the prosecution. Read the full definition of Nolo Contendere on Duhaime.org

Non Compos Mentis

Latin: Not of sound mind. Read the full definition of Non Compos Mentis on Duhaime.org

Non Est Factum

Latin for not his deed and a special defense in contract law to allow a person to avoid having to respect a contract that she or he signed because of certain reasons such as a mistake as to the kind of contract. Read the full definition of Non Est Factum on Duhaime.org

Nonfeasance

Not doing something that a person should be doing. Read the full definition of Nonfeasance on Duhaime.org

Non-joinder

When a person who should have been made a party to a legal proceedings has been forgotten or omitted. Read the full definition of Non-joinder on Duhaime.org

Non-profit

Operated as nearly as possible at cost; an organization not seeking profit and which does not disgorge excess income to its members, in the form of dividends or otherwise. Read the full definition of Non-profit on Duhaime.org

Noscitur a sociis

That the meaning of a word may be known from accompanying words. Read the full definition of Noscitur a sociis on Duhaime.org

Notary

A legal officer with specific judicial authority to attest to legal documents usually with an official seal. Read the full definition of Notary on Duhaime.org

Not For Profit

Operated as nearly as possible at cost; on a cost-recovery basis; an organization not seeking profit and which does not disgorge excess income to its members, in the form of dividends or otherwise. Read the full definition of Not For Profit on Duhaime.org

Notional Severance

Reading down a contractual provision so as to make it legal and enforceable. Read the full definition of Notional Severance on Duhaime.org

Notwithstanding

In spite of, even if, without regard to or impediment by other things. Read the full definition of Notwithstanding on Duhaime.org

Novation

Substitute a new debt for an old debt, cancelling the old debt. Read the full definition of Novation on Duhaime.org

Nudum Pactum

Purported agreements which are without consideration, such as unilateral undertakings which may bind a person morally, but not under contract law, in those jurisdictions which still require consideration. Read the full definition of Nudum Pactum on Duhaime.org

Nuisance

Excessive or unlawful use of one's property to the extent of unreasonable annoyance or inconvenience to a neighbor or to the public. Read the full definition of Nuisance on Duhaime.org

Nunc Pro Tunc

Deemed retroactive. Read the full definition of Nunc Pro Tunc on Duhaime.org