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Legal Terms Beginning with J

Jactitation

A false boast designed to increase standing at the expense of another. Read the full definition of Jactitation on Duhaime.org

J. D.

Abbreviation for 'juris doctor' or 'doctor of 'jurisprudence' and the formal name given to the university law degree in the United States. It is a prerequisite to most bar admission exams. Read the full definition of J. D. on Duhaime.org

Jetsam

Things intentionally thrown overboard a ship in order to save the ship, and which things thrown over then sink. Read the full definition of Jetsam on Duhaime.org

Jihad

A tenet of Islamic law to adherents, with the reward of eternal life in Paradise, if they promote and exhort the word of Muhammad and the Koran to others, and not necessarily excluding the use of violence. Read the full definition of Jihad on Duhaime.org

Joint and Several Liability

Liability of more than one person for which each person is liable to pay back the entire amount of a debt or damages. Read the full definition of Joint and Several Liability on Duhaime.org

Joint Custody

A child custody Court decision that both parents share joint legal custody and joint physical custody. Read the full definition of Joint Custody on Duhaime.org

Joint Tenancy

When two or more persons are equally owners of some property. Read the full definition of Joint Tenancy on Duhaime.org

Joyce Model of Joint Guardianship

A British Columbia model of joint guardianship in respect to children as between separated parents. Read the full definition of Joyce Model of Joint Guardianship on Duhaime.org

Judex

A form of judge in early Roman law. Read the full definition of Judex on Duhaime.org

Judicial Branch

A branch of government; judges. Read the full definition of Judicial Branch on Duhaime.org

Judicial Discretion

The power the law gives the Court or a judge to choose among two or more alternatives, each being lawful. Read the full definition of Judicial Discretion on Duhaime.org

Judicial Interim Release

Pre-trial release of an individual accused of a crime; bail. Read the full definition of Judicial Interim Release on Duhaime.org

Judicial Review

A process where a court of law is asked to rule on the appropriateness of the decision of an administrative agency or tribunal. Read the full definition of Judicial Review on Duhaime.org

Jurat

The written certification by a judicial officer that a deponent or affiant recognizes and endorses all parts of an affidavit he or she proposes to sign, and confirms that an oath has been administered in this regard to the affiant. Read the full definition of Jurat on Duhaime.org

Jure

Latin, from Roman law: by right, under legal authority or by the authority of the law. A variation, juris means of right or of the law. See jurisprudence below which means science of the law. Read the full definition of Jure on Duhaime.org

Jure Coronae

A right of the Crown. Read the full definition of Jure Coronae on Duhaime.org

Jurisdiction

Refers to a court's authority to judge over a situation usually acquired in one of three ways: over acts committed in a defined territory (eg. the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of Australia is limited to acts committed or originating in Australia), over certain types of cases (the jurisdiction of a bankruptcy court is limited to bankruptcy cases), or over certain persons (a military court has jurisdiction limited to actions of enlisted personnel). Read the full definition of Jurisdiction on Duhaime.org

Jurisprudence

Thus, jurisprudence has come to refer to case law, or the legal decisions which have developed and which accompany statutes in applying the law against situations of fact. Read the full definition of Jurisprudence on Duhaime.org

Jury

A group of citizens randomly selected from the general population and brought together to assist justice by deciding which version, in their opinion, constitutes 'the truth' given different evidence by opposing parties. Read the full definition of Jury on Duhaime.org

Jus

Latin: word which, in Roman law, meant the law or a right. Read the full definition of Jus on Duhaime.org

Jus Ex Injuria Non Oritur

Latin: a legal right or entitlement cannot arise from an unlawful act or omission. Read the full definition of Jus Ex Injuria Non Oritur on Duhaime.org

Jus Spatiandi Et Manendi

Latin: referring to a legal right of way, and to enjoyment, granted to the public but only for the purposes of recreation or education, such as upon parks or public squares. Read the full definition of Jus Spatiandi Et Manendi on Duhaime.org

Just Cause

Employment law: misconduct of an employee, or some other event relevant to the employee, which justifies the immediate termination of the employment contract. Read the full definition of Just Cause on Duhaime.org

Justice

A state of affairs in which conduct or action is both fair and right, given the circumstances. Read the full definition of Justice on Duhaime.org