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Legal Term Beginning with I

Immunity

An exemption that a person (individual or corporate) enjoys from the normal operation of the law such as a legal duty or liability, either criminal or civil. Read the full definition of Immunity on Duhaime.org

Immovable

Land and fixtures thereto, civil law term. Read the full definition of Immovable on Duhaime.org

Impaired

A deterioration of an individual's judgment and decrease in his or her's physical ability. Used primarily in criminal law; driving under the influence of alcohol or disability law in regards to a person's physical or mental impairment. Read the full definition of Impaired on Duhaime.org

Implied Trust

A trust that is imposed by law onto certain situations either by presuming an intention of the participants to create a trust, or simply because of the facts at hand. Read the full definition of Implied Trust on Duhaime.org

In Camera

A closed and private session of Court or some other deliberating body. Read the full definition of In Camera on Duhaime.org

Incest

The crime of sexual contact with a blood relative usually including a parent, child, sibling, grandparent or grandchild. Read the full definition of Incest on Duhaime.org

Inchmaree Clause

A standard clause in maritime insurance contracts covering risk of events not directly linked to perils at sea such as, but not necessarily limited to, loading accidents. Read the full definition of Inchmaree Clause on Duhaime.org

Incorporeal

Legal rights which are intangible such as copyrights or patents. Read the full definition of Incorporeal on Duhaime.org

Incorporeal Hereditament

An intangible right which is attached to property and which is inheritable. Read the full definition of Incorporeal Hereditament on Duhaime.org

Indefeasible

A right or title in property that cannot be made void, defeated or canceled by any past event, error or omission in the title. Read the full definition of Indefeasible on Duhaime.org

Indemnity

Contract with a third-party to perform another's obligations if called upon to do so by the third-party, whether the other has defaulted or not. Read the full definition of Indemnity on Duhaime.org

Indian

Nomenclature selected by Canada and USA to refer to and define their aboriginal or indigenous people. Read the full definition of Indian on Duhaime.org

Indictable Offence

An offence which the government can opt to cause trial by a more formal process than by summary process. Read the full definition of Indictable Offence on Duhaime.org

Indictment

The formal document by which the state sets out the claim that a person has committed a crime. It is on the basis of an indictment that an accused person must stand trial. Read the full definition of Indictment on Duhaime.org

Indigenous

Native to a particular territory. Read the full definition of Indigenous on Duhaime.org

Indigent

A poor person; not penniless but in need and who has no financial support from any other. Read the full definition of Indigent on Duhaime.org

Indirect Tax

The passing on of a tax or duty by the person who first pays it, through subsequent transactions. Read the full definition of Indirect Tax on Duhaime.org

Industrial Design

A new product or packaging design, or some such ornamental feature, and eligible for intellectual property law exclusive-use protection. Read the full definition of Industrial Design on Duhaime.org

Infanticide

Murder of an infant soon after its birth. Read the full definition of Infanticide on Duhaime.org

Injunction

A court order that prohibits a party from doing something (restrictive injunction) or compels them to do something (mandatory injunction). Read the full definition of Injunction on Duhaime.org

In Limine

Latin: at the beginning or on the threshold. Read the full definition of In Limine on Duhaime.org

In Loco Parentis

A person who, though not the natural parent, has acted as a parent to a child and may thus be liable to legal obligations as if he/she were a natural parent. Read the full definition of In Loco Parentis on Duhaime.org

Innocent Passage

A term of international maritime law referring to a ship's right to enter and pass through a coastal state's territorial waters so long as it is not prejudicial to the peace, good order or security of the coastal state. Read the full definition of Innocent Passage on Duhaime.org

In pari delicto

Latin: both parties are equally at fault. Read the full definition of In pari delicto on Duhaime.org

In Personam

Regarding a person; a right, action, judgment or entitlement that is attached to a specific person(s). Read the full definition of In Personam on Duhaime.org

In Rem

Regarding a thing; proprietary in nature; a right or judgment related to the use or ownership of an item of property. Read the full definition of In Rem on Duhaime.org

Insanity

Disorder which impairs the human mind and prevents distinguishing between actions that are right or wrong. Read the full definition of Insanity on Duhaime.org

Inscrutable Fault

A judicial finding that a fault has occurred but the court is unable to locate the source, to pinpoint a tort-feasor. Read the full definition of Inscrutable Fault on Duhaime.org

Insider Trading

Participation by corporate officers, directors or employees in the trade of a stock based on confidential or privileged corporate information, knowing that information to be confidential, and seeking thereby to acquire profits or avoid losses on the stock market. Read the full definition of Insider Trading on Duhaime.org

Insolence

Insulting a supervisor at the workplace or during the tenure of an employment contract. Read the full definition of Insolence on Duhaime.org

Insolvent

A person not able to pay his or her debts as they become due. Read the full definition of Insolvent on Duhaime.org

Insubordination

Willful failure to obey a supervisor's lawful orders. Read the full definition of Insubordination on Duhaime.org

Insurance

Where a persons agrees, for consideration, to pay a certain amount on the occurrence of a specified event. Read the full definition of Insurance on Duhaime.org

Intellectual Property

As a type of property, intellectual property has that unique characteristic of being ethereal; of the mind, intangible, with no corporeal existence; hence, 'intellectual property'. Read the full definition of Intellectual Property on Duhaime.org

Intentional Tort

Torts actionable upon evidence of an intent to cause harm on another, such as assault, trespass, false imprisonment, private nuisance, defamation or invasion of privacy. Read the full definition of Intentional Tort on Duhaime.org

Inter Alia

Latin: 'among other things', 'for example' or 'including'. Read the full definition of Inter Alia on Duhaime.org

Interim Order

A temporary court order; intended to be of limited duration, usually just until the court has had an opportunity of hearing the full case and make a final order. Read the full definition of Interim Order on Duhaime.org

Interlineation

An apition of something to a document after it has been signed. Such apitions are ignored unless they are initialed by the signatories and, if applicable, witnesses (eg. wills). Read the full definition of Interlineation on Duhaime.org

Interlocutory

Proceedings taken during the course of, and incidental to a trial. Read the full definition of Interlocutory on Duhaime.org

Interlocutory Injunction

A temporary injunction; which lasts only until the end of the trial during which the injunction was sought. Read the full definition of Interlocutory Injunction on Duhaime.org

Interloper

A person who, without legal right, runs a business (eg. without mandatory licenses), or who wrongfully interferes or intercepts another's business. Read the full definition of Interloper on Duhaime.org

International Commercial Arbitration

A commercial dispute subject to arbitration and in which a significant international elements exists such as, for example, the head offices of the disputants are different countries or the performance of the underlying contract is in a foreign state. Read the full definition of International Commercial Arbitration on Duhaime.org

International Convention on Salvage, 1989

An international treaty which standardizes, for signatories, the rules related to salvage and the compensation thereof. Read the full definition of International Convention on Salvage, 1989 on Duhaime.org

International Law

A combination of treaties and customs which regulates the conduct of states amongst themselves, and persons who trade or have legal relationships which involve the jurisdiction of more than one state. Read the full definition of International Law on Duhaime.org

Internet

A global computer network through which the almost-instant delivery of data or files occurs between connected computers. Read the full definition of Internet on Duhaime.org

Inter partes

Latin: between parties. Read the full definition of Inter partes on Duhaime.org

Inter se

Inter se - as between or amongst themselves. As between the parties. Read the full definition of Inter se on Duhaime.org

Inter Vivos

Latin: from one living person to another living person. Read the full definition of Inter Vivos on Duhaime.org

Intestate

Dying without a will. Read the full definition of Intestate on Duhaime.org

Inure

To take effect, to result; to come into operation. Read the full definition of Inure on Duhaime.org

Invitation to Treat

An invitation to another person to make an offer to contract. Read the full definition of Invitation to Treat on Duhaime.org

Invitee

A person invited, implicitly or explicitly, upon the real property of another. Read the full definition of Invitee on Duhaime.org

Invitor

Relevant to occupiers' liability; a person who, implicitly or explicitly, invites another to a place. Read the full definition of Invitor on Duhaime.org

IOU

Acronym for I owe you; a written acknowledgment of a debt. Read the full definition of IOU on Duhaime.org

Islamic Law

The law according to the Muslim faith and as interpreted from the Koran. Read the full definition of Islamic Law on Duhaime.org